Illustrated by Sreoshi Sarkar
By Eleanor Lin
There are 7,000 languages spoken around the world, each one unique in the ways it encodes meaning. Translation is thus a challenging task for humans and machines alike. How do you find the right words and grammatical constructs to accurately transfer the sense of a message in the original language to a different one?
By Aparna Krishnan
According to the UK’s Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), more than 85 poor countries will not have widespread access to COVID-19 vaccines before 2023, if at all.
Illustrated by Yi Qu
By Sydney Wells
Algae: it’s green, slimy, and possibly the future of food. The waterborne microorganisms present high potential for being cultivated as one of the main sources of protein in the human diet; it’s more environmentally sustainable than and has similar nutritional value as currently existing protein sources. It is highly flexible and can be incorporated into foods in many different ways, such as powders or nutritional bars, which only adds to its potential.
By Jenna Everard
Though the idea of a cryptocurrency had been proposed before, the concept first gained mass attention in 2008 when Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonym of the unknown founder(s) of Bitcoin, published their paper, “Bitcoin: A Peer-To-Peer Electronic Cash System.”
By Taylor Briggs
From waking up to an alarm in the morning to making it through another full day of school or work, we rely on the consistency of time. Every hour, minute, and second passes just the same, no matter what, right? When the physics of the subject is considered, however, this proposition breaks down entirely, and we find that time is not constant.
By Jenna Everard
We all have digital data—texts, emails, essays, photos... the list goes on and on! And we all need to store it. To do so, we have flash drives, hard drives, servers, entire rooms lined with servers, and entire buildings filled with servers. The International Data Corporation has predicted that by 2025, the “global datasphere,” an entity that encompasses all the data created, captured, and replicated, will be around 175 Zettabytes, or 175 trillion gigabytes, in size. For perspective, if all that data was stored on DVDs, the stack of these DVDs would stretch around the Earth 222 times! With such rapid growth in data, it is likely that our infrastructure and capacity to store it will be tested. But what if the solution for doing so was just at our fingertips? Yes, literally at our fingertips, because the solution might just be our DNA.
In 2000, the Clay Mathematics Institute published the Millenium Prize Problems. These were seven mathematical problems, and solving any one of them came with the award of one million dollars. However, they were also some of the most complex, unsolvable problems of the past few centuries. Many appear intimidating just from their name—the Riemann Hypothesis, the Yang-Mills Existence, and Mass Gap, just to name a few. The very first problem on the list, though, looks easy enough, almost like a middle school algebra equation. It is simply titled “P = NP.”
By Tanisha Jhaveri
Think about a childhood story you have. There may be some details that you recall more vividly, while others are a little fuzzy. Now imagine trying to recount this story to someone. You will probably have to fill in some details that you don’t fully remember. For example, if the events took place in the morning, you might assume that you ate breakfast, despite not specifically remembering so. This subconscious process of introducing new pieces of information can alter your own recollection of the memory. Oddly, this can mean that the more often you reconstruct a memory, the less accurate it may become.
By Ethan Feng
What happens to matter when it gets extremely hot? And how can this tell us more about the birth of the universe?
By Eleanor Lin
Pick a number, any number. Now ask yourself: How "round," or easy to work with, is that number? Could you add, subtract, multiply, and divide it relatively painlessly, and all in your head?